Planning

Kennedy discusses Cuba with Eisenhower. Patterns

Cooperation in any form requires planning. “Sounds like a plan” is a common phrase. A plan is a way of doing something. A detailed formulation of a program of action.

Purpose

For Americans a plan is an approach, a way to proceed. A good plan guides people who are collaborating. A plan keeps them on a path towards a target.

Patterns

Short Mid Long

Americans plan for the short- to mid-term. Long-term action cannot be planned for properly. It’s not worth the time, effort and investment.

Patterns

Degree of Detail

Americans believe in less detail. The degree of detail of their plans is based on the given situation. Americans plan A to C in great detail, begin executing, then continue planning as they proceed.

Patterns

Flexibility

Americans believe that a plan should be flexible. If the plan, or aspects of it, are not working make the necessary changes. “Why execute on a plan that is not working?”

Patterns

Contingency

Because Americans believe in flexibility – going off plan – they do much more contingency planning.

Patterns